CJC-1295 DAC Research
CJC-1295 and Growth Hormone Release
As a derivative of GHRH, it should come as no surprise that CJC-1295 promotes the release of GH. Studies show that a single dose of CJC-1295 increase GH levels in mice by 2-10 times. Peak GH levels are reached approximately 2 hours after administration and the effects last for about six days. Unlike other GH secretagogues, CJC-1295 preserves normal physiologic release of GH. That means that the normal circadian peaks and valleys seen in GH release remain intact and that CJC-1295 is a physiologic growth hormone releasing factor.
Preserving physiologic release of GH even while influencing the maximum concentration of the hormone in the bloodstream is critical to ensuring enhanced effects without increased side effects. In particular, CJC-1295 has been demonstrated to preserve growth hormone’s physiologic effects on hyperplasia, hypertrophy, bone density, blood sugar, fat metabolism, protein synthesis, and myocardial (heart cell) function.
CJC-1295 and Growth
Studies in mice without normal GHRH physiology have shown that CJC-1295 preserves normal GH release. This makes the peptide potentially useful as a therapy for abnormal growth in a variety of mammalian species, humans included. Preserving normal pulsatile release of GH is critical to ensuring that proper release of downstream hormones, such as insulin-life growth factor-2 (IGF-1).
CJC-1295 and Infertility
Research from the early 1990s suggests that CJC-1295 and other GRF analogues may be useful in promoting ovulation in infertile female patients. Scientists have long known that ovulation is dependent on IGF-1 and that it is also likely influenced by GH release and cycling. Research in animal models of superovulation has helped to confirm these theories by showing that both GH and IGF-1 levels rise significantly surrounding the time of ovulation. Further, these studies indicate that exogenous administration of GH secretagogues, like CJC-1295, is enough to cause appropriate ovulation. There is some speculation that CJC-1295 and other analogues may even be useful in male infertility by helping to regulate sperm production. This latter hypothesis has yet to be tested.
CJC-1295 is a growth hormone secretagogue designed to have a long plasma half-life and to preserve the physiologic patterns inherent in the GH axis. On both accounts, the molecule has been a success. CJC-1295 has experienced limited interest in research settings due to the advent of a number of similar molecules and because of the proprietary nature of the molecule’s structure. Now that CJC-1295 can be manufactured at will, there is likely to be renewed interest in its properties, particularly as they apply to the increasingly frustrating problem of human infertility.
Dr. Dominique Bridon holds a Master of Science, Chemical Engineering and Polymer Sciences from Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie and a PhD in Organic Chemistry from the University of Paris XI, ICSN, Orsay, France with Nobel Laureate Sir Derek H. R. Barton as Research Advisor. He completed his Post-Doctoral Research at the University of California, Berkeley. He also held various leadership positions involving peptide research and technologies at Ipsen, Conjuchem, Redcell, and Abbott Laboratories. Dr. Bridon has served as a Director for Enobia (acquired by Alexion) and Neuronax and as a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Syntaxin (acquired by Ipsen) and Biosortia. He now brings 30 years of executive and scientific leadership experience to the Epivax Oncology team.
-  M. Ionescu and L. A. Frohman, “Pulsatile secretion of growth hormone (GH) persists during continuous stimulation by CJC-1295, a long-acting GH-releasing hormone analog,” J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 4792–4797, Dec. 2006. [PubMed]
-  M. Alba et al., “Once-daily administration of CJC-1295, a long-acting growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) analog, normalizes growth in the GHRH knockout mouse,” Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab., vol. 291, no. 6, pp. E1290-1294, Dec. 2006. [PubMed]
-  A. Volpe, G. Coukos, A. Barreca, G. Giordano, P. G. Artini, and A. R. Genazzani, “Clinical use of growth hormone-releasing factor for induction of superovulation,” Hum. Reprod., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1228–1232, Oct. 1991. [PubMed]